Truquitos para jQuery

Si has seguido el paso de jQuery por la internet, sabrás que cada día facilita más la creación de aplicaciones web mucho mas prácticas y fáciles de programar. Les dejo un recopilatorio de snippets de jquery, desde

Preloading images

Preloading images is useful: Instead of loading an image when the user request it, we preload them in the background so they are ready to be displayed. Doing so in jQuery is very simple, as shown below:

(function($) {
  var cache = [];
  // Arguments are image paths relative to the current page.
  $.preLoadImages = function() {
    var args_len = arguments.length;
    for (var i = args_len; i--;) {
      var cacheImage = document.createElement('img');
      cacheImage.src = arguments[i];

jQuery.preLoadImages("image1.gif", "/path/to/image2.png");


target=”blank” links

The following snippet will open all links with the rel="external" attribute in a new tab/window. The code can be easily customized to only open links with a specific class.

$('a[@rel$='external']').click(function(){ = "_blank";

   <a href="" rel="external"></a>


Add a class to the <body> tag if JavaScript is enabled

This snippet is just a line of code, but it is one of the easiest way to detect if JavaScript is enabled on the client browser. If yes, a hasJS class will be added to the <body> tag.



Smooth scrolling to an anchor

jQuery is known for its ability to let developers easily create stunning visual effects. A simple, but nice effect is smooth sliding to an anchor. The following snippet will create a smooth sliding effect when a link with the topLinkclass is clicked.

$(document).ready(function() {
	$("a.topLink").click(function() {
		$("html, body").animate({
			scrollTop: $($(this).attr("href")).offset().top + "px"
		}, {
			duration: 500,
			easing: "swing"
		return false;


Fade in/out on hover

Another very cool effect – which is very popular among clients – is indeed the fade in/fade out on mouseover. The code below set opacity to 100% on hover, and to 60% on mouseout.

    $(".thumbs img").fadeTo("slow", 0.6); // This sets the opacity of the thumbs to fade down to 60% when the page loads

    $(".thumbs img").hover(function(){
        $(this).fadeTo("slow", 1.0); // This should set the opacity to 100% on hover
        $(this).fadeTo("slow", 0.6); // This should set the opacity back to 60% on mouseout


Equal column height

When building a column based website, you often want that all columns have the same height, as displayed in a good old table. This snippet calculate the height of the higher column and automatically adjust all other columns to this height.

var max_height = 0;
    if ($(this).height() > max_height) { max_height = $(this).height(); }


Enable HTML5 markup on older browsers

HTML5 is definitely the future of client-side web development. Unfortunely, some old browsers do not even recognize new tags such as header or section. This code will force old browsers to recognize the new tags introduced by HTML5.

(function(){if(!/*@cc_on!@*/0)return;var e = "abbr,article,aside,audio,bb,canvas,datagrid,datalist,details,dialog,eventsource,figure,footer,header,hgroup,mark,menu,meter,nav,output,progress,section,time,video".split(','),i=e.length;while(i--){document.createElement(e[i])}})()

A better solution is to link the .js file to the <head> part of your HTML page:

<!--[if lt IE 9]>
<script src=""></script>


Test if the browser supports a specific CSS3 property

Here is a simple jQuery function to check if the client browser supports a specific CSS3 property. In this example,border-radius is the property we want to check, but of course this can be modified easily.

Note that when passing the property, you have to omit the dash to prevent syntax error. So instead of border-radius, you have to pass “borderRadius” or “BorderRadius”.

var supports = (function() {
   var div = document.createElement('div'),
      vendors = 'Khtml Ms O Moz Webkit'.split(' '),
      len = vendors.length;

   return function(prop) {
      if ( prop in ) return true;

      prop = prop.replace(/^[a-z]/, function(val) {
         return val.toUpperCase();

      while(len--) {
         if ( vendors[len] + prop in ) {
            // browser supports box-shadow. Do what you need.
            // Or use a bang (!) to test if the browser doesn't.
            return true;
      return false;

if ( supports('textShadow') ) {
   document.documentElement.className += ' textShadow';


Get url parameters

Getting url parameters is pretty easy using jQuery. The following snippet will do the job!

$.urlParam = function(name){
	var results = new RegExp('[\\?&]' + name + '=([^&#]*)').exec(window.location.href);
	if (!results) { return 0; }
	return results[1] || 0;


Disable the “Enter” key in forms

By default, a form can be submitted by pressing the “Enter” key. Thought, on some form, this keyboard shortcut can cause problems. Here is how you can prevent unwanted form submission by disabling the “Enter” key with jQuery.

$("#form").keypress(function(e) {
  if (e.which == 13) {
    return false;